Formal fallacy examples

    • [DOC File]On the Concepts of Logical Fallacy and Logical Error

      The second argument for the positive answer to our main question is that the concept of fallacy is within the argumentation theory (fallacy theory) well theoretically and formally developed and therefore it is easily applicable to other research domains.

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      Formal fallacies include such things as Affirming the Consequent, Undistributed Middle, etc. Now we want to deal with informal fallacies, and these turn out to be a more disparate group, much harder to sort out than the formal. ... Begging the question: as a particular fallacy is of the form, "p is true, therefore p is true." In this form it is ...

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      formal. and . informal. Formal . fallacies are fallacies based on the form or structure of an argument. There are 2 main types of formal fallacies: Affirming the Consequent. Denying the Antecedent. Informal. fallacies are detected by examining the argument’s substance or content. There is no standard way to categorize informal fallacies.

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    • [DOC File]Formal fallacies -

      Existential fallacy: an argument has two universal premises and a particular conclusion, but the premises do not establish the truth of the conclusion. Proof by example: where examples are offered as inductive proof for a universal proposition. ("This apple is red, therefore all apples are red.") [edit] Formal …

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    • [DOC File]Identifying and Challenging Logical Fallacies

      The fallacy of ad hominem is committed when an argument attacks an opponent (e.g., a person or group with a different view) rather than the opponent's evidence and logic (Copi, 1986; Downes, 1996). Sometimes, the person or group is said to have negative qualities; and therefore, the opponent's argument should not be heard or accepted. This is the

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    • [DOC File]What is a logical fallacy

      A "fallacy" is a mistake, and a "logical" fallacy is a mistake in reasoning. ... Aristotle was both the first formal logician—codifying the rules of correct reasoning—and the first informal logician—cataloging types of incorrect reasoning, namely, fallacies. ... Plato, deserves credit for being the first philosopher to collect examples of ...

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    • [DOC File]Furman University

      Denying the Antecedent: Its Effective Use in Argumentation. Abstract: Denying the antecedent is an invalid form of reasoning that is typically identified and frowned upon as a formal fallacy.Contrary to arguments that it does not or at least should not occur, there are contexts in which this form of reasoning may be used as a legitimate way of expressing dissent with the support others have ...

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    • [DOC File]Fallacies in logic arguments - Angelfire

      To be more specific, a fallacy is an "argument" in which the premises given for the conclusion do not provide the needed degree of support. A deductive fallacy is a deductive argument that is invalid (it is such that it could have all true premises and still have a false conclusion). An inductive fallacy is less formal than a deductive fallacy.

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    • [DOC File]Identifying and Challenging Logical Fallacies

      Identifying and Challenging Logical Fallacies. Perfesser Plum 2012. Introduction. The field of education is misguided by recycled fads dolled up with new names and resold to a forgetful public and to vulnerable education students, classroom teachers, and administrators.

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    • [DOC File]Assignment for Major Paper # 3: Fallacies

      2 Appropriate examples of this fallacy are given. 2 How the examples fit the definition is explained. 1 The _____ fallacy is named and defined, citing Downes. 2 Appropriate examples of this fallacy are given. 2 How the examples fit the definition is explained. 1 The _____ fallacy …

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