Thickening of the left ventricular wall
Buerger’s disease is an obstructive arterial disorder caused by inflammation and thickening of the vessel wall. It is most common in men and is especially aggravated by smoking. Raynaud’s phenomenon, ulcers of fingers and toes, gangrene, stroke and myocardial infarction can occur depending on the specific arteries involved.
[DOC File]M29-1, Part 5, V - Veterans Affairs
Only the ventricular chamber enlarges while the left ventricular wall thickness remains the same. It is characterized by contractile dysfunction. Initially, the dilatation allows the heart to generate a high stroke volume but as the condition of the heart worsens, the contractility is impaired.
Left ventricular hypertrophy - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Examine chordae tendineae for thickening, shortening, or fusion. Measure valve circumferences. Examine the coronary circulation. Is it right, left, or co-dominant? Is the course normal or anomalous? ... Left ventricular free wall (cm): [wall thickness excluding trabeculae] [Describe any devices present – VAD, pacer wires, etc ...
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) occurs at a prevalence of 1 in 500 and is characterized by changes in the structure of the heart including thickening of the left ventricular wall. Individuals with HCM can experience symptoms of exercise fatigue and syncope; however, some individuals present with sudden cardiac death with no prior symptoms.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathies: mostly left ventricle; abnormal diastolic function. Restrictive cardiomyopathies have elements of both. Dilated Cardiomyopathy. Dilated Cardiomyopathy: ventricular chamber enlargement and dilation (may also effect atria), accompanied by an alteration in systolic pump function that results in clinical syndrome of CHF
Ventricular wall is normal or thin. Intracavitary thrombi. The cardiac valves are intrinsically normal, but the valvular rings are enlarged. The coronary arteries usually are normal. Microscopy: Extensive areas of interstitial and perivascular fibrosis, particularly involving the left ventricular subendocardium. Marked variation in myocyte size.
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