English Language Development Standards

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California

English Language Development Standards

(Electronic Edition)

Kindergarten Through Grade 12

Adopted by the California State Board of Education November 2012

California English Language Development Standards

Kindergarten Through Grade 12

Adopted by the California State Board of Education November 2012

Publishing Information

The California English Language Development Standards: Kindergarten Through Grade 12 was developed by English Learner Support Division, California Department of Education. This publication was edited by Faye Ong and John McLean, working in cooperation with Gustavo Gonzalez, Education Programs Consultant, English Learner Support Division. It was designed and prepared for printing by the staff of CDE Press, with the cover and interior designed by uyet Truong. It was published by the Department of Education, 1430 N Street, Sacramento, CA 95814-5901. It was distributed under the provisions of the Library Distribution Act and Government Code Section 11096.

? 2014 by the California Department of Education All rights reserved

ISBN 978-0-8011-1738-1 Reproduction of this document for resale, in whole or in part, is not authorized.

Ordering Information

Copies of this publication are available for purchase from the California Department of Education. For prices and ordering information, please visit the Department Web site at or call the CDE Press Sales Offce at 1-800-995-4099.

Notice

The guidance in California English Language Development Standards: Kindergarten Through Grade 12 is not binding on local educational agencies or other entities. Except for the statutes, regulations, and court decisions that are referenced herein, the document is exemplary, and compliance with it is not mandatory. (See Education Code Section 33308.5.)

ii | Publishing Information

Contents

A Message from the State Board of Education and the State Superintendent of Public Instruction .......................................... v Acknowledgments .................................................................................... vi Introduction ..............................................................................................1

The English Language Development Profciency Level Descriptors and Standards .................................................................................................5

Chapter 1. Purposes, Development, and Structure of the California English Language Development Standards................................................. 7 Defnition of the Standards ............................................................ 8 Purposes and Intended Users ........................................................ 8 California's English Learner Students.............................................. 8 Goals of the California English Language Development Standards ...................................................................................... 9 Unintended and Inappropriate Uses of the Standards .................. 10 Rationale for Three Profciency Levels........................................... 11 Legislation and Process for Development and Validation .............. 12 Organization of the Standards ...................................................... 13 References ................................................................................... 16

Chapter 2. Profciency Level Descriptors for the California English Language Development Standards............................................................... 17 Organization of the Profciency Level Descriptors.......................... 18 Profciency Level Descriptors........................................................ 20

Chapter 3. The Standards: Kindergarten Through Grade 12.......................... 25 Kindergarten ................................................................................ 26 Grade 1........................................................................................ 36 Grade 2........................................................................................ 46 Grade 3........................................................................................ 56 Grade 4........................................................................................ 66 Grade 5........................................................................................ 76 Grade 6........................................................................................ 86 Grade 7........................................................................................ 98 Grade 8...................................................................................... 110 Grades 9?10 .............................................................................. 122 Grades 11?12............................................................................. 134

Professional Learning for Successful Implementation of the California English Language Development Standards.............................................145 Chapter 4. Theoretical Foundations and the Research Base of the California

English Language Development Standards................................. 147 Interacting in Meaningful and Intellectually Challenging Ways..... 148 Scaffolding................................................................................. 149 Developing Academic English ..................................................... 151 The Importance of Vocabulary .................................................... 151 The Importance of Grammatical and Discourse-Level Understandings.......................................................................... 151

Contents | iii

Other Relevant Guidance Documents Consulted......................... 153 Conclusion ................................................................................. 153 References................................................................................. 153

Chapter 5. Learning About How English Works ............................................ 159 Correspondence of the Language Demands in the CA CCSS for ELA/Literacy to the CA ELD Standards ....................................... 161 Supporting English Learners to Develop Academic English ......... 164 Organization of Part II................................................................. 172 Use of the CA ELD Standards ..................................................... 175 References ..................................................................................176

Chapter 6. Foundational Literacy Skills for English Learners ....................... 177 Research Summary and Implications for English Learners .......... 178 Alignment Charts for Foundational Literacy Skills in English Language Development and the CA CCSS for ELA/Literacy ........ 179 Elementary Level: Grades 1?5.................................................... 181 Secondary Level: Grades 6?12................................................... 187 References................................................................................. 189

Glossary of Key Terms ................................................................................. 190

iv | Contents

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