Colds, Flus and Airborne Allergies: Tips and Treatments

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Colds, Flus and Airborne Allergies: Tips and Treatments

Symptoms Fever

Headache General Aches, Pains Fatigue, Weakness Extreme Exhaustion Stuffy, Runny Nose Sneezing Sore Throat Cough Chest Discomfort Treatment

Prevention

Complications Duration

Cold

Flu

Airborne Allergy

Rare

Usual, high (100-102 Never

?F), sometimes higher,

especially in young

children); lasts 3-4 days

Uncommon

Common

Uncommon

Slight

Usual; often severe Never

Sometimes

Usual, can last up to 3 Sometimes weeks

Never

Usual, at the beginning Never of the illness

Common

Sometimes

Common

Usual

Sometimes

Usual

Common

Sometimes

Sometimes

Common

Common, can become Sometimes severe

Mild to moderate Common

Rare, except for those with allergic asthma

Get plenty of rest. Get plenty of rest. Avoid allergens (things

Stay hydrated. (Drink Stay hydrated.

that you're allergic to)

plenty of fluids.)

Aspirin (ages 18 and Antihistamines

Decongestants.

up), acetaminophen, or Nasal steroids

Aspirin (ages 18 and ibuprofen for aches, Decongestants

up), acetaminophen, or pains, and fever

ibuprofen for aches Antiviral medicines

and pains

(see your doctor)

Wash your hands

Get the flu vaccine

often.

each year.

Avoid close contact Wash your hands

with anyone who has a often.

cold.

Avoid close contact

with anyone who has

the flu.

Avoid allergens, such as pollen, house dust mites, mold, pet dander, cockroaches.

Sinus infection middle Bronchitis, pneumonia; Sinus infection, middle

ear infection, asthma can be life-threatening ear infection, asthma

Up to 2 weeks

Usually 1-2 weeks

As long as allergen is

present

Adapted from NIH News in Health October 2014

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