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2nd edition

Complex regional pain syndrome in adults

UK guidelines for diagnosis, referral and management in primary and secondary care

2018

Complex regional pain syndrome in adults

These guidelines were developed by a panel of experts with support from, representation and endorsement by the Royal College of General Practitioners, the Royal College of Physicians, the Faculty of Pain Medicine of the Royal College of Anaesthetists, the Royal College of Occupational Therapists, the British Orthopaedic Association, the British Pain Society, the British Psychological Society, the British Society of Rehabilitation Medicine, the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, the Directorate of Defence Rehabilitation, the Physiotherapy Pain Association, the Society of British Neurological Surgeons, the Royal College of Emergency Medicine, the British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons, the Faculty of Occupational Medicine, the British Society for Surgery of the Hand, the British Association of Hand Therapists and the Pain Relief Foundation.

Also supported and endorsed by: the Association of Orthopaedic Practitioners, the Faculty of Sport and Exercise Medicine and the College of Podiatry.

With additional support from the British Association of Dermatologists, the British Society for Rheumatology, Royal College of Radiologists, the Vascular Society, the Association of British Neurologists and the British Society of Clinical Neurophysiology. Patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) and their relatives contributed to the development process.

Published with:

The Royal College of Physicians

The Royal College of Physicians (RCP) plays a leading role in the delivery of high-quality patient care by setting standards of medical practice and promoting clinical excellence. The RCP provides physicians in over 30 medical specialties with education, training and support throughout their careers. As an independent charity representing over 35,000 fellows and members worldwide, the RCP advises and works with government, patients, allied healthcare professionals and the public to improve health and healthcare.

Citation for this document

Goebel A, Barker CH, Turner-Stokes L et al. Complex regional pain syndrome in adults: UK guidelines for diagnosis, referral and management in primary and secondary care. London: RCP, 2018.

Please see the Guideline Development Panel for the full list of authors.

Copyright

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form (including photocopying or storing it in any medium by electronic means and whether or not transiently or incidentally to some other use of this publication) without the written permission of the copyright owner. Applications for the copyright owner's permission should be addressed to the publisher.

Copyright ? 2018 Royal College of Physicians

Royal College of Physicians 11 St Andrews Place Regent's Park London NW1 4LE

Registered charity no 210508

ISBN 978-1-86016-721-8 eISBN 978-1-86016-722-5

Review date: July 2023

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Contents

Membership of the Guideline Development Panel for 2018 ................................................................ iv Additional members of the original Guideline Development Panel for 2012 ....................................... vi Abbreviations ........................................................................................................................................ vii About the guidelines ............................................................................................................................ viii Methodology of guideline development ............................................................................................... ix Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 1 Specialty guidelines................................................................................................................................. 5 Primary care ............................................................................................................................................ 6 Occupational therapy and physiotherapy .............................................................................................. 9 Surgical practice .................................................................................................................................... 13 Emergency medicine.............................................................................................................................18 Rheumatology, neurology, neurosurgery and SEM .............................................................................. 23 Dermatology ......................................................................................................................................... 25 Pain medicine........................................................................................................................................27 Rehabilitation medicine ........................................................................................................................ 31 Long-term support in CRPS ................................................................................................................... 35 Appendix 1 Commercial sponsors.........................................................................................................39 Appendix 2 Systematic review methodology 2010/12 and 2016/17 ................................................... 40 Appendix 3 Sample information leaflet for GPs ................................................................................... 43 Appendix 4 CRPS diagnostic checklist ................................................................................................... 45 Appendix 5 Desensitisation...................................................................................................................47 Appendix 6 Atkins diagnostic criteria for CRPS in an orthopaedic setting ........................................... 50 Appendix 7 Post-fracture/operation patient information leaflet.........................................................51 Appendix 8 Centres with a special interest in CRPS ............................................................................. 55 Appendix 9 General risks and potential complications from limb amputation....................................57 Appendix 10 Recommendations for the treatment of skin ulcers, skin infection and problematic oedema ................................................................................................................................................. 58 Appendix 11 Occupational health.........................................................................................................60 Appendix 12 Patient information ......................................................................................................... 61 Appendix 13 Key contents of an interdisciplinary specialist rehabilitation programme......................65 Appendix 14 The National Service Framework for Long-term Conditions ........................................... 66 Appendix 15 Experimental treatments for CRPS ? published research................................................67 Appendix 16 Systematic review update ? RCTs published from April 2010 ? December 2011 ........... 71 Glossary of terms .................................................................................................................................. 73 References ............................................................................................................................................ 77 Further reading ..................................................................................................................................... 85

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Membership of the Guideline Development Panel for 2018

Chair: Dr Andreas Goebel PhD FRCA FFPMRCA Reader in pain medicine, University of Liverpool, and honorary consultant, The Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool

Professor Roger M Atkins MA MB BS DM FRCS Consultant orthopaedic surgeon, Bristol Royal Infirmary

Dr Chris Barker DRCOG MRCGP Specialist in pain medicine, clinical director, NHS Sefton Community Pain Service, Liverpool

Dr Heather Cameron PhD MCSP Chief AHP Regional Services and physiotherapy professional lead, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde

Dr Helen Cohen PhD FRCP Consultant rheumatologist and chronic pain, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, London

Fiona Cowell MCSP Grad Dip Phys MSc Extended scope physiotherapist in trauma management, Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen NHS Trust, Liverpool

Paul Eldridge MA MB MChir FRCS Consultant neurosurgeon, The Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool

Sue Fullilove MBBS MA FRCS(Orth) Consultant orthopaedic hand surgeon, Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust, Plymouth

Sharon Gillespie MCSP Grad Dip Phys MSc Clinical physiotherapy specialist in hands (member of BAHT), Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen NHS Trust, Liverpool

Dr Henry Guly Consultant in emergency medicine

Mr James Henderson MA MD EurDipHandSurg FRCS(Plas) Consultant plastic, reconstructive and hand surgeon, North Bristol NHS Healthcare Trust

Professor George Ikkos Hon FRCPsych FRSA Consultant psychiatrist in liaison psychiatry, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust

Dr Fergus Jepson Consultant in amputee rehabilitation medicine, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

Dr Martin Johnson DRCOG DCH MRCGP RCGP Clinical lead for chronic pain and Co-chair Chronic Pain Policy Coalition

Dr Natalie Lane Consultant clinical psychologist, The Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool

Dr Jenny Lewis PhD MSc Dip COT Senior clinical research occupational therapist, The Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Royal United Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Bath; Senior lecturer, University of the West of England, Bristol

Sarah Lewis Clinical nurse specialist in pain management, Defence Medical Rehabilitation Centre Headley Court

Dr Siva Mani-Babu Consultant in sport and exercise medicine, Centre for Spinal Rehabilitation, Defence Medical Rehabilitation Centre Headley Court

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