Jill Shultz

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Title of My Paper

Author’s Name

Affiliation (e.g., Psychology and Human Services Department, SUNY Broome Community College)

Course Name (e.g., PSY 110: General Psychology)

Instructor Name (e.g., Dr. William S. Altman)

Due Date (e.g., March 20, 2021)

Title of My Paper

Use the same font throughout the paper. Specifically, choose one of the following: 11-point Calibri or Arial, or 10-point Lucida Sans Unicode for a sans serif font, or 12-point Times New Roman, 11-point Georgia, or 10-point Computer Modern for a serif font. (This paper has been set in 11-point Calibri.) These have been selected because they are easy to read and compatible with computerized reading systems (which makes them accessible to people with sight difficulties). Other fonts or point sizes are permissible in particular circumstances, such as in figures or images, but check the 7th Edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (section 2.19) for specifics.

Start each paragraph with a half-inch indent, and double-space throughout your paper. Do not put any extra space between paragraphs. (You may need to check your word-processor’s settings to be sure this doesn’t happen automatically.) Margins are one inch on all sides. Leave the right margin ragged (not justified). The reference list should start at the top of a new sheet after the end of the body of your paper.

Student papers do not require a running head, but the top of every page (including the cover sheet) must have the page number at the right margin.

If your paper requires headings for the various sections (for example, if it’s a lab report or research paper), headings should be used as follows:

|Level |Format |

|1 |Centered, Bold, Title Case |

| |Text begins as a new paragraph. |

|2 |Flush Left, Bold, Title Case |

| |Text begins as a new paragraph. |

|3 |Flush Left, Bold, Italic, Title Case |

| |Text begins as a new paragraph. |

|4 |Indented, Bold, Title Case, Ending with a Period. Text begins on the same line and continues as a regular paragraph. |

|5 |Indented, Bold, Italic, Title Case, Ending with a Period. Text begins on the same line and continues as a regular |

| |paragraph. |

In practical terms, this means that most of the section headings will be level 1 headings, although some sections may have level 2 headings. For example:

Title

Method

Participants

Materials and Apparatus

Procedure

Results

Discussion

References

When writing, APA permits the use of either active or passive voice. However, active voice is recommended for most papers. APA also recommends writing in the first person. Thus, you might write, “After an initial literature search, I began to suspect that parents could use operant conditioning to teach their children to keep their rooms tidy.” Also, be sure that your language is bias-free (see chapter 5 of the Publication Manual).

Sources for your paper should always be cited appropriately. In-text citations can take a couple of different forms, depending on your sentence structure. For example:

• I decided to investigate the use of operant conditioning to develop superstitions, following the protocol developed by B. F. Skinner (1948).

• I decided to investigate the use of operant conditioning to develop superstitions, as was originally tried with pigeons (Skinner,1948).

If you have multiple articles by the same author to cite for a particular idea, you can put them together in the same citation. For example:

• Operant conditioning can be used to train pigeons to do many different things (Skinner, 1948, 1960)

If you have multiple articles by different authors, dealing with the same principle, you can also put these together in the same citation (in alphabetical order):

• Psychologists have often used animals in studies of intelligence and training (Skinner, 1948, 1960; Thorndike, 1898).

If the work you’re citing has two authors, put both names in the citation (e.g., Pena-Shaff & Altman, 2015). If there are three or more authors, just put in the first author and the term “et al.” for the rest (e.g., Altman et al., 2006).

References

Altman, W. S., Ericksen, K., & Pena-Shaff, J. B. (2006). An inclusive process for departmental textbook selection. Teaching of Psychology, 33(4), 228–231.

Clark, N., & Scott, P. S. (2009). Game addiction: The experience and the effects. McFarland.

Fridell, L. A. (2007). Racial profiling. In J. R. Greene (Ed.), The encyclopedia of police science (3rd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 1099-1105). Routledge.

Mazalin, D., & Klein, B. (2008). Social anxiety and the Internet: Positive and negative effects. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 4(2), 43-50.

Pena-Shaff, J., & Altman, W. (2015). Student interaction and knowledge construction in case-based learning in educational psychology using online discussions: The role of structure. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 26(3), 307–329.

Skinner, B. F. (1948). “Superstition” in the pigeon. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 38(2), 168–172.

Skinner, B. F. (1960). Pigeons in a pelican. American Psychologist, 15(1), 28–37.

Sternberg, R. J. (2019). Titles and abstracts: They only sound unimportant. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), Guide to publishing in psychology journals., (2nd ed., pp. 33–36). Cambridge University Press.

Thorndike, E. L. (1898). Animal intelligence: An experimental study of the associative processes in animals. The Psychological Review: Monograph Supplements, 2(4), i-109.

Steinberg, L., & Scott, E. S. (2003). Less guilty by reason of adolescence: Developmental immaturity, diminished responsibility, and the juvenile death penalty. American Psychologist, 58, 1009-1018.

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References are listed in alphabetical order.

Start the first line of each entry at the left margin, and use a hanging indent of ½ inch for subsequent lines within an entry.

[In WORD, use Paragraph>Special> Hanging]

Examples above (in this order):

Articles with 3 authors, cited in the text of this sample paper

A book with two authors

An article from an encyclopedia

A scholarly journal without a doi (url is for journal title homepage)

Article with 2 authors and no doi, cited in the text of this sample paper

Article with 1 author cited without a doi, cited in the text of this sample paper

Article with 1 author cited without a doi, cited in the text of this sample paper

Article with 1 author cited without a doi, cited in the text of this sample paper

Article with 1 author cited without a doi, cited in the text of this sample paper

A scholarly journal article with a doi

For other types of scholarly and popular press or online entries, check chapter 10 of the Publication Manual, or for legal references, check chapter 11.

Created by:

William S. Altman and Karen Pitcher

SUNY Broome Community College

April, 2020

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