Combined Science Curriculum and Assessment Guide ...

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´╗┐Science Education Key Learning Area

Combined Science Curriculum and Assessment Guide (Secondary 4 - 6)

Jointly prepared by the Curriculum Development Council and The Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority Recommended for use in schools by the Education Bureau HKSARG 2007 (with updates in January 2014)

Contents

Page

Preamble

i

Acronym

iii

Chapter 1

Introduction

1

1.1 Background

1

1.2 Implementation of Science Subjects in Schools

2

1.3 Rationale

3

1.4 Curriculum Aims

4

1.5 Interface with the Junior Secondary Curriculum and

4

Post-secondary Pathways

Chapter 2

Curriculum Framework

7

2.1 Design Principles

7

2.2 Learning Targets

9

2.2.1 Knowledge and Understanding

9

2.2.2 Skills and Processes

9

2.2.3 Values and Attitudes

10

2.3 Curriculum Structure and Organisation

11

2.3.1 Curriculum Structure

11

2.3.2 Time Allocation

13

Part 1 Physics

17

Part 2 Chemistry

41

Part 3 Biology

77

Chapter 3

Curriculum Planning

96

3.1 Guiding Principles

96

3.2 Progression

96

3.3 Curriculum Planning Strategies

99

3.3.1 Suggested Learning and Teaching Sequence

99

3.3.2 Coordination between the Teaching of Biology,

100

Chemistry and Physics parts

3.3.3 Curriculum Adaptations for Learner Diversity

100

3.4 Curriculum Management

101

3.4.1 Effective Curriculum Management

101

3.4.2 Roles of Different Stakeholders in Schools

102

Chapter 4

Learning and Teaching

105

4.1 Knowledge and Learning

105

4.2 Guiding Principles

105

4.3 Approaches and Strategies

107

4.3.1 Approaches to Learning and Teaching

107

4.3.2 Variety and Flexibility in Learning and Teaching

108

Activities

4.3.3 From Curriculum to Pedagogy: How to start

108

4.4 Interaction

109

4.4.1 Scaffolding Learning

109

4.4.2 The Use of Effective Questioning

109

4.4.3 The Use of Feedback

110

4.5 Catering for Learner Diversity

111

4.5.1 Strategies to Cater for Learner Diversity

111

4.5.2 Information Technology as a Learning Tool to cater for 112

Learner Diversity

4.5.3 Catering for Gifted Students

113

Chapter 5

Assessment

115

5.1 The Roles of Assessment

115

5.2 Formative and Summative Assessment

116

5.3 Assessment Objectives

117

5.4 Internal Assessment

119

5.4.1 Guiding Principles

119

5.4.2 Internal Assessment Practices

121

5.5 Public Assessment

122

5.5.1 Guiding Principles

122

5.5.2 Part 1: Physics

124

5.5.3 Part 2: Chemistry

126

5.5.4 Part 3: Biology

128

5.5.5 Standards and Reporting of Results

130

Chapter 6

Learning and Teaching Resources

132

6.1 Purpose and Function of Learning and Teaching Resources

132

6.2 Guiding Principles

132

6.3 Types of Resources

133

6.3.1 Textbooks

133

6.3.2 References

133

6.3.3 The Internet and Technology

134

6.3.4 Community Resources

135

6.4 Flexible Use of Resources

136

6.5 Resource Management

136

6.5.1 Accessing Useful Resources

136

6.5.2 Sharing Resources

137

6.5.3 Storing Resources

137

Appendices

1 Time-tabling Arrangement and the Deployment of Teachers to

138

cater for the Diverse Needs of Students

2 Resources published by the Education and Manpower Bureau

142

Glossary

146

References

151

Membership of the CDC-HKEAA Committee on Physics (Senior Secondary)

Membership of the CDC-HKEAA Committee on Chemistry (Senior Secondary)

Membership of the CDC-HKEAA Committee on Biology (Senior Secondary)

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