HOME EQUITY MORTGAGE LENDING IN TEXAS 2018

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HOME EQUITY MORTGAGE LENDING IN TEXAS 2018

By: Thomas E. Black, Jr.

David F. Dulock Daniel S. Engle

Revised January 1, 2018 Video Edition

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. What Makes Texas Different ? Article 16, Section 50(a) ............................................... 2

2. What is Homestead Property............................................................................................ 3

3. Home Equity Lending ? The Rules .................................................................................. 4

4. 2% Limit ? Chart............................................................................................................. 22

5. Home Equity Lending Update 2018 Commentary, Case Law and Regulatory Interpretation ................................................................................................................... 23

6. Proposed Amendments for 7 TAC Chapter 153 .................................................... 101

7. Texas Constitution Article XVI Section 50(a) ........................................................ 118

8. Texas 50 (a)(6) Loans Originating on a Wholesale Basis Closed in Wholesaler's

Name through Mortgage Broker (12-Day Notice).................................................. 119

9. Borrower Notification to Lender of Home Equity Violation Official Interpretation ?153.93 ................................................................................................... 121

10. Equitable Subrogation Revives Invalid Texas Home Equity (Client & Friends Memo) .............................................................................................. 123

11. Texas Home Equity Loans ? Various Questions and Answers .................................. 125

12. Forms .............................................................................................................................. 132

Notice Concerning Extensions of Credit Defined by Section 50(a)(6), Article XVI, Texas Constitution ............................................................................... F-1

Notice Concerning Refinance of a Home Equity Loan--(f-2) Notice.................... F-4 Affidavit Made Pursuant to Subsection (f-1) of Article XVI, Section 50 of Texas

Constitution--f-2 Affidavit ...................................................................................... F-5 Texas Home Equity Loan/HELOC Closing Instructions Addendum ................... F-7 Acknowledgement as to Fair Market Value of Homestead Property ................. F-10 Notice of Right to Cancel......................................................................................... F-11 Certificate of Non-Cancellation of Loan ................................................................ F-12 Texas Home Equity Election Not to Rescind......................................................... F-13 Texas Home Equity Receipt of Copies....................................................F-14 Election to Proceed with Refinance of Texas Home Equity Loan ....................... F-15 Texas Home Equity FNMA/FHLMC Security Instrument ................................. F-16 Texas Home Equity FNMA/FHLMC Affidavit and Agreement ......................... F-35 Texas Home Equity FNMA/FHLMC Fixed Rate Note ........................................ F-41 Notice Concerning Extensions of Credit Defined by Section 50(a)(6),

Article XVI, Texas Constitution (Spanish) ............................................................ F-47 Notice Concerning Refinance of a Home Equity Loan

? (f-2) Notice (Spanish) ........................................................................................... F-51

Page 1

WHAT MAKES TEXAS DIFFERENT?

Article XVI, Section 50(a), of the Texas Constitution provides the homestead of a family, or single adult person, shall be, and is hereby protected from forced sale for the payment of all debts except for eight specific types of debt. The eight permissible debts to establish a valid lien on homestead property under Section 50(a) are:

50(a)(1) purchase money.

50(a)(2) taxes due on the homestead.

50(a)(3)

an owelty partition imposed against the entirety of the property by a court order or a written agreement of the parties to the partition, including a debt of one spouse in favor of the other spouse resulting from a division or award of a family homestead in a divorce proceeding.

50(a)(4) the refinance of a lien against a homestead, including a federal tax lien resulting from the tax debt of both spouses, if the homestead is a family homestead, or from the tax debt of the owner.

50(a)(5) home improvement loan or new construction on homestead property.

50(a)(6) a home equity loan, the requirements of which are set forth in this manual.

50(a)(7) a reverse mortgage.

50(a)(8) conversion and refinance of personal property lien secured by a manufactured home to a real property lien.

Only these eight specific debts can result in a valid lien in homestead property. Other debt, not meeting these criteria, cannot properly attach to homestead property.

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac prohibit 50(a)(6) loans to be used to purchase the homestead: See Fannie Mae 2017 Selling Guide, B5-4.1-01, Texas Section 50(a)(6) Mortgage Loans (03/29/2016), Loan Origination and Compliance ("The proceeds from a Texas Section 50(a)(6) mortgage must not be used to acquire or improve the homestead if a mortgage for that purpose could have been made under a different provision of the Texas Constitution. Fannie Mae has no other restrictions on the use of the loan proceeds."); See also Freddie Mac Single Family Seller/Servicer Guide, 4301.7: Texas Equity Section 50(a)(6) Mortgages (08/17/16), (b) Eligible Mortgages ("A Texas Equity Section 50(a)(6) Mortgage must be one of the following, depending on the applicable facts: A cash-out refinance Mortgage, as described in Section 4301.5, or a "no cash-out" refinance Mortgage as described in Section 4301.4. A Texas Equity Section 50(a)(6) Mortgage may not be a special purpose cash-out refinance Mortgage.")

Page 2

WHAT IS HOMESTEAD PROPERTY?

To establish a "homestead" a person or family must show a combination of both an intent to owner occupy the property as a permanent residence and some overt act in the use of the property in the intended manner. In Texas, homestead property is either Urban or Rural. Article XVI, Section 51, of the Texas Constitution limits the size of Urban and Rural homesteads. The homestead in a city, town or village, shall consist of lot or contiguous lots amounting to not more than 10 acres of land, together with any improvements on the land. The homestead, not in a town or city, shall consist of not more than two hundred acres of land, which may be in one or more parcels, with the improvements thereon. Under Section 41.002(c) of the Texas Property Code, a homestead is considered Urban if located within the limits of a municipality or its extra territorial jurisdiction or a platted subdivision , and served by police protection, paid or volunteer fire protection, and if at least three of the following services are provided by a municipality or under contract to the municipality: a) electric; b) natural gas; c) sewer; d) storm sewer; and e) water. A family's Rural homestead shall consist of not more than two hundred acres of land which may be in one or more parcels. A single adult's Rural homestead shall consist of not more than one or more parcels totaling up to a hundred acres. The term Rural homestead is not defined in the Constitution or the Texas Property Code, therefore, to determine if the homestead is Rural it must fail to satisfy the criteria set forth in Section 41.002(c) of the Texas Property Code for urban homesteads.

Page 3

CLOSED-END SECTION 50(A)(6) HOME EQUITY LENDING EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The requirements which must be followed in order to originate a valid Texas "Cash Out" or "Equity Loan" are set forth in Section 50(a)(6), Article XVI of the Texas Constitution. The scope of this paper and presentation is limited to closed-end loans made under 50(a)(6). This paper does not cover HELOC loans made under 50(t). "Cash Out" loans may be made for any purpose. Pursuant to the authority granted under Section 50(u), Article XVI of the Texas Constitution, the Texas Legislature delegated the power to interpret these provisions to the Finance Commission of Texas and The Texas Credit Union Commission. Effective January 8, 2004, these State Agencies have issued interpretations. In this presentation for simplicity sake they will be jointly referred to as "The Finance Commission". A lender must satisfy each and every one the following conditions in order to have a valid home equity lien on a homestead. Home Equity Loans that fail to comply with any of the various requirements are invalid until properly cured.

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