Middle Ages/Feudalism Study Guide

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Middle Ages/Feudalism Study Guide Answers

1. What was the nickname given to the Middle Ages? The Dark Ages

2. The period known as “The Middle Ages” is characterized by trade, land ownership, strong central govt. or no religion? Explain your selection. The Feudal system and the control of the church (who held a large amount of land)

3. Who would most likely have said, “If you give me your loyalty, I will give you land and protection.”? A vassal or lord

4. What was a knight’s most important training? There is debate for the correct answer here—so think of what their main purpose was in the Feudalism activity. A knight’s most important training was fighting

5. The art, music and philosophy of the medieval period in Europe generally dealt with what? Connect how the “pretty colored things” we made recently relate to the middle ages. (“colored things”—stained glass windows in churches)—these all had to do with the church since the church was the central uniting key to the time period.

6. Many workers died during the plague. How did their deaths affect those who remained? They were able to demand higher wages and more rights. This is an example of supply and demand, supply (of workers) goes down, demand goes up (remember price follows demand so these workers were paid higher wages)

7. What were the Holy Wars called? The Crusades

8. These actions are examples of what process:

• Outlawing the selling of church positions

• Prohibiting kings from appointing priests

• Excommunicating Holy Roman emperor Henry IV

Strengthening the power of the church

9. Serfs were peasants who were not allowed to Marry without permission from the lord

10. What started the bubonic plague? Fleas from rats

11. Mountains and rivers shaped European culture by what? Separated people which allowed different cultures to develop

12. What do these medieval items have in common? Stone Wall, Moat, Knight’s Armor

They all were used in military strategy or were examples of military technology

13. Medieval paintings often told the story of Christ’s life. What does this suggest about people at that time? People couldn’t read so as a result the stories were told in paintings and stained glass windows and were used a teaching tools

14. Poor living conditions, crowded homes, spread of diseases, lack of medical treatment and medical knowledge during Medieval Europe led one to believe what? Impacted life expectancy—was much shorter then than it is now (life span)

15. Members of which group believed that God had given them the right to rule? Monarchy—the church and the state were very closely connected

16. Which statement best describes the result of the Crusades?

a. Europeans maintained a lasting control over much of Middle East

b. Islamic influence dominated Europe

c. Europeans developed tolerance of Non Christian religions

d. Trade between Europe and the Middle East was expanded

17. In the feudal system an individual’s social status was generally determined by what? Birth

18. Joan of Arc was accused of being what? A witch and she was burned at the stake despite the fact that she was a hero and led her country’s military with success.

19. What were several indirect results of the Crusades? TWO—trade (and commerce) increased with the Middle East and the Crusades weakened the Feudal system. Lords and vassal sold their land and freed their serfs to go fight in the Crusades

20. In Medieval Europe, what type of person might have spoken these words?

I believe we all have a spark of godly intelligence, that we must live in agreement with nature and that we must develop good character? A stoic

An ecologist

A scientist

A priest

21. Which of these is not true of the Roman Catholic Church during the Middle Ages?

Church leaders helped govern western Europe

Each parish had its own pope

The church owned valuable land a property

Daily life in villages revolved around the church

22. Who would have been most likely to make the following statement?

I am traveling to Jerusalem to show God how sorry I am for having sinned. I hope we have a safe journey. A pilgrim

23. Both the plague and the Hundred Years’ War had what effect? They led to a shift in power from the feudal system to the common people and monarchs

24. The Roman Catholic Church during the Middle Ages in Europe can best be described as a church that

Favored separation of church and state

Avoided involvement in social educational matters

Was a strong force that divided many people

Was a stabilizing influence during a period of weak central governments

25. The Crusades have been called “history’s most successful failure.” Explain this expression. The Crusades did not achieve their original goal but they brought about many desirable changes to Europe.

26. What was the name of the document that King John was forced to sign limiting the power of the king? Magna Carta

27. “All things were under its domain…Its powers were such that no one could hope to escape its scrutiny.” What European institution during the middle ages was best described in this statement? The church

28. If you were a customer who bought shoes from a cobbler, how might a guild help you? Guilds would make sure that you, the customer, purchased a good quality pair of shoes.

29. In Europe, a long term effect of the Crusades was what? Increase in the demand for products from the Middle East

30. What does Magna Carta mean? The Great Charter

31. In Europe during the Middle Ages, the force that provided unification and stability was what? The Roman Catholic Church

32. What does the term feudalism mean?

NOTE—the “church” and the “Roman Catholic Church” are one in the same

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