Calculating Work and Power by Climbing Stairs
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Calculating Work and Power by Climbing Stairs Name:_________________
Introduction: In this activity, you will find out if a person does more work walking up a flight of stairs or running up the same flight of stairs by having you or someone else actually do this. You will also lean what scientists mean by the words work and power.
1. Find a staircase and using a ruler, record the height of one step in centimeters in Table 1.
2. Count the number of steps that you or your classmate will be climbing and record your answer in Table 1.
3. Calculate the total height of the staircase in centimeters.
4. Calculate the total height of the staircase in meters.
Table 1: Staircase Measurements
|1. Height of one step (cm) | |
|2. Number of steps climbed | |
|3. Total height of staircase (cm) = height of one step X number of steps climbed | |
|4. Total height of staircase (m) = total height of staircase (cm) divided by 100 | |
5. Next decide who will be climbing the stairs and who will be recording the time of the stair climber. Write the weight of the stair climber in the blank space below.
Weight of climber: _______________________________________________________
6. To figure out weight in Newtons, multiply pounds by 0.25 kg and then by the force of gravity (9.8 m/s2)
7. Have the stair climber climb the stairs slowly and steadily. Record the time it takes in seconds in Table 2 under the column labeled “slowly”. Do three trials and calculate the average time.
8. Now have the same stair climber climb the stairs rapidly. Record the time it takes in seconds in Table 2 under the column labeled “rapidly”. Do three trials and calculate the average time.
Table 2: Time Trials
|Climbing Stairs |Slowly |Rapidly |
|Trials |1 |2 |3 |Avg. |1 |2 |3 |Avg. |
|Time (seconds) | | | | | | | | |
9. Calculate the work done by the stair climber in climbing the stairs slowly and rapidly using units of joules. Record your answers in Table 3 below.
Formula: Work done (joules) = height of staircase (m) X weight of stair climber (N)
Table 3: Work Done
|Climbing Stairs |Slowly |Rapidly |
|Work done (Joules) | | |
10. Was the work done by climbing the stairs slowly the same as or different from climbing the stairs rapidly? Does you answer surprise you?
11. Calculate the power output of climbing the stairs slowly and rapidly in watts. Record your answers in the appropriate spaces below.
Formula: Power = Work done climbing stairs (Joules)
Time required to climb stairs (seconds)
Power output of person climbing stairs slowly _____________________ watts
Power output of person climbing stairs rapidly _____________________ watts
12. Suppose the power output of a person climbing stairs could somehow be directly converted into electrical power. How many 100-watt light bulbs could a person light by climbing the stairs slowly and rapidly?
Formula: Watts (from above)
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