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NOTE QUESTIONS

Chapter 16.1 Hitler’s Lightning War Part1 Pages 491-496

Guiding task: Summarize the events that led to war.

1. What was the secret agreement of the nonaggression pact?

2. Describe how Germany invaded Poland:

3. How did Great Britain and France respond to the invasion?

4. What is blitzkrieg and describe how Hitler used it?

5. Where did the Soviets occupy in 1939?

6. What was Stalin’s crucial mistake about the occupations?

7. Where were the Allied troops located during the Phony war?

8. Where were the German troops located during this time?

9. What ended the phony war?

10. What was Hitler’s path to France?

11. Describe what happened at Dunkirk in May of 1940:

12. Trace the events of June 1940 in France:

13. Who became the PM of France in 1940 and where was the new headquarters of France established?

14. Who was really in charge of the Vichy Government?

15. What did Charles de Gaulle urge the people of France to do?

16. Who was the Prime Minister of Britain in 1940?

17. What was the name of Hitler’s plan to invade England?

18. Where did the Luftwaffe attack and why?

19. What were the two secret weapons the British held?

20. What did the Allies learn from the Battle of Britain?

21. What was Germany’s first objective in the Mediterranean?

22. What was Mussolini’s goal in North Africa?

23. Who is the “Desert Fox” and what did he control?

24. Why did Hitler build bases in southeastern Europe?

25. Why was Hitler able to take over the Balkans so easily?

26. What was the name of Hitler’s plan to invade the Soviet Union?

27. What strategy did the Soviets use to slow down the Nazis?

28. Describe the situation in Leningrad in September of 1941:

29. What does the fact that the German armies were not prepared for Russian winter indicate about Hitler’s expectations for the campaign in the Soviet Union?

30. What was the purpose of the Neutrality Acts?

31. What was the purpose of the Lend-Lease Act?

32. What was Hitler’s response to the Lend-Lease Act?

33. What did the Atlantic Charter do?

34. What was the result of a German U-boat firing on an American destroyer in 1941?

Chapter 16.2 Japan’s Pacific Campaign pages 497- 501

Guiding Question: How did Japanese expansion lead to war with the Allies in Asia?

1. What area did Japan expand into in 1931?

2. Once China resisted Japan, where did Japan turn its attention to?

3. Why did the US send aid to Chinese resistance to the Japanese?

4. Who is Admiral Yamamoto and how did he describe the American Naval fleet?

5. Where is Pearl Harbor located?

6. What are the statistics of the attack on Pearl Harbor?

7. What does the phrase “A date which will live in infamy” mean?

8. Where else did the Japanese attack on the same date as Pearl Harbor?

9. What do these attacks demonstrate?

10. Where did the Japanese take over in January 1942?

11. How did the Japanese try to gain support from the people they conquered?

12. How did they really treat the conquered people?

13. What was the Bataan Death March and what occurred?

14. What the purpose of the Doolittle Raid and what did it show?

15. What new type of naval warfare was used in the Battle of the Coral Sea?

16. What is the significance of this battle?

17. Why did the Japanese plan to attack Midway Island?

18. Describe the Battle of Midway and its significance:

19. Who is Gen. Douglas MacArthur?

20. Describe the strategy of Island Hopping:

21. How long did the Battle of Guadalcanal last?

22. How many troops did the Japanese lose and what do they call the island today?

23. How does Ralph G. Martin describe Guadalcanal?

Chapter 16.3 The Holocaust pages 502-505

Guiding Question: Why do you think German soldiers and the German people went along with the Nazi policy of persecution of the Jews?

1. Who were the Aryans according to the Nazis?

2. Define the term Holocaust:

3. What were the Jews blamed for?

4. What did the Nuremburg Laws do?

5. What event led to Kristallnacht?

6. Describe the events of Kristallnacht:

7. What was Hitler’s original solution to “the Jewish problem”?

8. What was the rest of the world’s response to Jewish refugees?

9. What was Nazis want to accomplish by creating ghettos?

10. Why might Hitler have chosen Poland to put his ghetto policy for “the Jewish problem” into effect?

11. How were some Jews able to hang on in the ghetto?

12. What is the “Final Solution”?

13. Define the term genocide:

14. What other groups did the Nazis target with the “Final Solution”?

15. Describe the conditions of the concentration camps:

16. When did the “Final Solution” reach its final stage?

17. Describe what happened when prisoners first arrived at Auschwitz:

18. How were those chosen to die executed?

19. How many Jews died in the camps?

20. How did non-Jewish people aid Jews during the holocaust?

Chapter 16.4 The Allied Victory pages 506-513

Guiding Question: What events led to the surrender of Germany and Japan?

1. Why did Churchill and Roosevelt meet in December 1941?

2. What did Stalin ask the other allies to do?

3. What was the purpose of this plan?

4. Why was Stalin upset with Churchill’s strategy?

5. Where did the Allies begin to turn the tide of war?

6. Who was the German General in North Africa?

7. Who was the British General in North Africa?

8. Who was the American General in North Africa?

9. What was the result of the North African campaign?

10. What caused the Germans to suffer defeats in the Soviet Union?

11. What did Stalin order his commanders in Stalingrad?

12. What was the outcome and statistics of the Battle of Stalingrad?

13. What advantages might a weaker army fighting on its home soil have over a stronger invading army?

14. What did the conquest of Sicily do?

15. Trace the events January 1943 to April 1945 in Italy: 15. What happened to Mussolini at the end of the war?

16. How did Americans make contributions to the war effort?

17. How did wartime production affect consumer goods in the US?

18. How did children contribute to the war effort?

19. Where did the majority of Japanese Americans live?

20. Why were Japanese Americans imprisoned? Where were the Japanese Americans shipped to?

21. What were the Allies planning and secretly building in 1943?

22. Where did the invasion take place?

23. What was the date of the invasion?

24. What is the code name of D-Day?

25. How were the Germans prepared for the Battle?

26. When did the Americans march into Paris?

27. Why was Hitler faced with a war on two fronts?

28. What was Hitler’s reasoning for his battle plan?

29. What was the result of the Battle of the Bulge?

30. Where had allied troops surrounded by April 1945?

31. How did Hitler die?

32. Trace the events of in Europe in April and May of 1945:

33. How did Harry S. Truman become President of the US?

34. Where did General MacArthur land in fall of 1944?

35. Who were the Kamikazes?

36. What islands did the US take in 1945?

37. What decisions did Truman face in whether or not to use the atomic bomb?

38. What was the Manhattan Project?

39. What are the cities bombed by the Atomic bombs?

40. How many people died in the atomic bomb attacks?

Chapter 16.5 Europe and Japan in Ruins pages 514- 517

Guiding Question: Do you think it was right for the Allies to try only Nazi and Japanese leaders for war crimes?

Why or why not?

1. What are the rough numbers of losses in the war?

2. How many Europeans had died in the war?

3. What two European cities suffered the heaviest losses of the war?

4. How did many civilians live after the war?

5. Describe what it was like for the refugees and those displaced by the war:

6. What was the result of the poor harvest?

7. Who did Europeans blame for the war and the aftermath?

8. What political group appealed to Europeans after the war?

9. What caused a decline in Communist membership and influence?

10. What was the purpose of the Nuremburg Trials?

11. How did Hitler, Himmler, and Goebbels escape trial?

12. What is Hans Franks’ quote showing his remorse?

13. How were the executed Nazis bodies disposed of?

14. What three major Japanese cities were largely destroyed during the war?

15. What happened to Japan’s colonial Empire as a result of the war?

16. What two things did MacArthur do to ensure the fighting would end?

17. What change in government did MacArthur make in Japan?

18. List three things done to help Japans economy:

19. What was the most important achievement of the occupation?

20. How was the emperor viewed after the war?

21. What is the Diet?

22. What did Article 9 State?

23. How did the relationship between the US and Japan change after the war?

24. How did the relationship between the US and the USSR change after the war?

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