Dopamine drug classification

    • [PDF File] Drug Fact Sheet: Methamphetamine

      Taking even small amounts of meth can result in: • Increased wakefulness, increased physical activity, decreased appetite, rapid breathing and heart rate, irregular heartbeat, increased blood pressure, and hyperthermia (overheating) High doses can elevate body temperature to dangerous, sometimes lethal, levels, and cause convulsions and even ...

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      Dopamine (also referred to as 3 hydroxytyramine) is a naturally occurring endogenous catecholamine. Dopamine hydrochloride injection is a clear, practically colorless, sterile, pyrogen-free, aqueous solution of dopamine HCl for intravenous infusion after dilution. Each milliliter of the 40 mg/mL preparation contains.

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    • [PDF File] Discuss issues of reliability and validity associated with the ...

      Outline and evaluate drug therapies in the treatment of schizophrenia. (16 MARKS) AO1 Typical antipsychotics are known as conventional antipsychotics, these are dopamine antagonists that bind to, but don't stimulate dopamine receptors. This is a result of binding to D2 receptors in the mesolimbic pathway, and are

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    • [PDF File] Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction: What Science Says

      called "dopamine." In the normal communication process, dopamine is released by a neuron into the synapse (the small gap between neurons). The dopamine then binds with specialized proteins called "dopamine receptors" (see image) on the neighboring neuron, thereby sending a signal to that neuron. 7: Neurotransmission (continued)

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    • [PDF File] Drug Fact Sheet: Ectasty/MDMA

      Some unwanted physical effects include: • Muscle tension, tremors, involuntary teeth clenching, muscle cramps, nausea, faintness, chills, sweating, and blurred vision Severe dehydration can result from the combination of the drug’s effects and the crowded and hot conditions in which the drug is often taken. Studies suggest chronic use of ...

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    • [PDF File] Classification of Antidepressants and Their Clinical …

      Comparisons of the Effects of Serotonin and Norepinephrine. toms of depression associated with the function of 5-HT, such as depressed mood and sleep disturbances, as well as. Serotonin regulates. the areas of the brain associated with attention, arousal, Sleep. and motivation linked to NE (and, indirectly, dopamine).

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    • [PDF File] Pharmacology of antidepressants. - Mayo Clinic Proceedings

      nephrine, and dopamine) reuptake blockers, or (3) seroto-nin type 2A (5-HT 2A) receptor blockers (Table 1). This review focuses on reuptake blockers and 5-HT 2A receptor blockers. This functional classification eliminates the confusion in the literature from the incorrect use of terms such as heterocyclic, tricyclic, and tetracyclic.30 For ...

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    • [PDF File] SINEMET - Food and Drug Administration

      SINEMET® (carbidopa and levodopa) is a combination of carbidopa and levodopa for the treatment of Parkinson's disease and syndrome. Carbidopa, an inhibitor of aromatic amino acid decarboxylation, is a white, crystalline compound, slightly soluble in water, with a molecular weight of 244.3. It is designated chemically as (—)-L-α hydrazino-α ...

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      dopamine’s plasma half-life of about two minutes, the duration of action is less than ten minutes. However, if monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors are present, the duration may increase to one hour. The drug is widely distributed in the body but does not cross the bloodbrain barrier to a - significant extent.

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    • [PDF File] EMS Pharmacology Reference Guide - Department of Health

      14 RI Department of Health - Center for EMS - 2017 EMS Pharmacology Guide V2017.0. Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, ASA) Classification: Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory (NSAID) General: Aspirin (ASA) has analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic effects. ASA is metabolized to salicylic acid, which is the active agent.

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    • [PDF File] The Physiology, Signaling, and Pharmacology of Dopamine …

      In contrast to the D1-class dopamine receptors, D2 and D3 dopamine receptors are expressed both postsynaptically on dopamine target cells and presynaptically on dopa- minergic neurons (Sokoloff et al., 2006; Rankin et al., 2010; Rondou et al., 2010). The D1- and D2-class dopamine receptors are also different at the level of genetic structure ...

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    • [PDF File] Drug Fact Sheet: Cocaine

      Other effects include increased alertness and excitation, as well as restlessness, irritability, and anxiety. Tolerance to cocaine’s effects develops rapidly, causing users to take higher and higher doses. Taking high doses of cocaine or prolonged use, such as binging, usually causes paranoia. The crash that follows euphoria is characterized ...

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    • [PDF File] Methamphetamine - National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

      Dopamine is involved in motivation, the experience of pleasure, and motor function, and most drugs of abuse work in part by affecting levels of this neurotransmitter. The elevated release of dopamine produced by methamphetamine is also thought to contribute to the drug’s harmful effects on terminals of dopamine-producing neurons in the brain.

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    • [PDF File] Pharmacotherapy for Management of ‘Kratom Use Disorder’: …

      dopamine D1 receptors), and noradrener-gic (agonist at postsynaptic alpha-2 recep-tors) pathways.14-17 These translate to users experiencing stimulant-like and opioid-like intoxicating syndromes when either low or high doses are consumed. In traditional medicine, kratom leaves have been used for pain relief; to increase appetite, mood,

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    • [PDF File] Neonatal medicine: Dopamine - Queensland Health

      DOPAMINE. Indication. • 1Treatment of hypotension, severe sepsis and septic shock • Augmentation of cardiac output and renal blood flow. 2. Special considerations. • Correct hypovolaemia prior to commencement. 1. • Infusions may be prescribed as single, double, quadruple or greater strength.

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    • [PDF File] Mirapex - Food and Drug Administration

      Pramipexole is a nonergot dopamine agonist with high relative in vitro specificity and full . intrinsic activity at the D. 2 subfamily of dopamine receptors, binding with higher affinity to D 3 . than to D 2 or D 4 receptor subtypes. Parkinson’s Disease: The precise mechanism of action of pramipexole as a treatment for

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    • [PDF File] Drug and Medication Classification Schedule - Kentucky

      potential to influence performance, or (2) that lack approval by the United States Food and Drug Administration but have pharmacologic effects similar to certain Class C drugs, medications, or substances that are approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration. 2-Aminoheptane Acebutolol Acepromazine Acetanilid Acetophenetidin

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      DESCRIPTION. WELLBUTRIN (bupropion hydrochloride), an antidepressant of the aminoketone class, is chemically unrelated to tricyclic, tetracyclic, selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor, or other known antidepressant agents. Its structure closely resembles that of diethylpropion; it is related to phenylethylamines.

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    • [PDF File] Drugs of Abuse, A DEA Resource Guide (2020 Edition)

      • The drug or other substance has less potential for abuse than the drugs or other substances in Schedules I and II. • The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. • Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.

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    • [PDF File] Visualizing classification of drugs used in psychotic disorders: …

      a system of classification paying close attention to drug mecha-nisms may more intuitively allow analyses of the efficacy of all drugs that share a specific property (e.g. high affinity for a certain receptor). Nutt (2017) has attempted to produce a visual charac-terization of drug actions, including most commonly prescribed

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    • [PDF File] CHAPTER Antipsychotic Drugs 9 - LWW

      Ziprasidone (Geodon) PO, initially 1 mg twice daily (2 mg/d); increase to 2 mg twice daily on the sec-ond day (4 mg/d); increase to 3 mg twice daily on the third day (6 mg/d), if neces-sary. Usual maintenance dose, 4 to. 8 mg/d. After initial titration, dosage increases or decreases should be made at a rate of 1 mg/wk.

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    • [PDF File] Part 7.3: Management of Symptomatic Bradycardia and …

      atropine, although second-line drug therapy with drugs such as dopamine or epinephrine may be successful (see below). Use transcutaneous pacing without delay for symptomatic high-degree (second-degree or third-degree) block. Atropine sulfate reverses cholinergic-mediated decreases in heart rate and should be considered a temporizing measure while

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      DRUG CLASSIFICATION ACTION INDICATION Digoxin (Lanoxin) Antiarrhythmic Inotrope -Increases the force of myocardial contraction -Prolongs refractory period of the AV node -Decreases conduction through the SA and AV nodes Atrial Fibrillation Heart Failure Dopamine (Intropics, Vasopressors) Sympathomimetic Inotropics Vasopressor

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